An Overview of the Ghauri Missile:
Pakistan created the Ghauri missile, a medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM), in the late 1990s. It bears the name of Shahab-ud-Din Ghauri, a Muslim ruler who lived in the 12th century. The missile’s purpose was to give Pakistan a dependable and precise way to transport nuclear weapons. The Pakistan Army currently uses the Ghauri missile, which has received numerous upgrades over the years.
The Ghauri Missile’s Past:
In reaction to India acquiring ballistic missiles in the early 1990s, Pakistan started developing the Ghauri missile. Before its first test flight in April 1998, the missile’s development was shrouded in secrecy, and little was known about it. The missile traveled 1,300 kilometers before striking its target in the Arabian Sea after being safely launched from the Tilla Range in the Jhelum district. This was an important accomplishment for Pakistan because it showed that it could produce long-range ballistic missiles.
Design and Ghauri Missile Specifications:
The Ghauri missile can travel 1,500 kilometers and transport up to 1,000 kilograms of payload. Being a liquid-fueled missile, it calls for a lengthy period of preparation before the flight. The missile measures roughly 15 meters in length, has a diameter of 1.5 meters, and weighs roughly 16,000 kilograms.
The Global Positioning System (GPS) and Inertial Navigation System (INS) are the foundation of the missile’s guiding system, which enables precise target navigation. The missile’s single-stage liquid-fueled rocket motor generates the thrust required to lift it off the ground and move it in the direction of its intended target.
Ghauri Missile Improvements:
The Ghauri missile has experienced several improvements since it was first created to enhance its functionality and dependability. The Ghauri-II, an upgraded variant of the missile, was created in 2003. This rocket was more accurate and had a longer range of up to 2,300 kilometers Thanks to an upgraded guidance system.
Pakistan declared in 2012 that it had effectively tested the Ghauri-III, an even more advanced version of the Ghauri missile. This missile can transport multiple warheads and has a range of up to 4,000 kilometers. The Ghauri-III is thought to be Pakistan’s most sophisticated ballistic missile and is important to the nation’s plans for nuclear deterrence.
Activation and Strategic Importance:
Currently, in use by the Pakistani Army, the Ghauri missile is regarded as a crucial part of the nation’s nuclear deterrence policy. Many targets in India, as well as in areas of China and the Middle East, are thought to be within the missile’s range.
International organizations and Pakistan’s neighbors are concerned about the Ghauri missile’s deployment. As a threat to its national security, India has long criticized Pakistan’s creation of ballistic missiles. To stop Pakistan from engaging in proliferation, the United States and other Western nations have imposed sanctions on the nation. These nations have also voiced concern about Pakistan’s nuclear and missile programs.