25 Basic Electrical Tools Used by Electricians

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Introduction:

Tools that are specifically made for electrical work must be used. A complete range of tools that can aid in problem diagnosis, wire installation, and system maintenance are essential for electricians. Here are the 25 essential electrical tools that each electrician needs to have on hand.

Safety Equipment:

1. Safety glasses – When dealing with electricity, they shield your eyes from dust and sparks.
2. Insulated gloves – When working near live circuits, these gloves shield hands from electrical shocks.
3. Wearing flame-resistant clothing helps to prevent skin burns when using electrical equipment.
4. Protects the head from electrical shocks and falling objects.

Tools for Measuring and Testing:

5. Measures voltage, current, and resistance in electrical circuits using a digital multimeter.
6. Without interrupting the circuit, a clamp meter measures the current.
7. Non-Contact Voltage Tester: This device checks for voltage without making contact with the wire.
8. A continuity tester determines if a circuit is uninterrupted and complete.

Tools for Cutting and Stripping:

9. Wire strippers: They take the insulation off of wires so that the conductors can be seen.
10. Large-diameter cables and wires can be cut with cable cutters.
11. Cuts wires and cables with a tiny diameter using an angle cutter.
12. Wires can be grabbed and twisted with needle-nose pliers.

Screwdrivers and Pliers:

13. Wires can be cut, stripped, and bent with combination pliers.
14. Long-nosed pliers can bend wire, and grasp small items.
15. To tighten and loosen screws in electrical devices, use a screwdriver.

Crimping Devices:

16. Using crimping pliers, connectors are crimped onto wires.
17. Crimping tool: Used to crimp connectors onto wires with a large diameter.

Tools for Pulling and Fishing:

18. Wires can be guided through conduit with fish tape.
19. Cables are pulled into the conduit by a pulling grip.
20. Reduces friction while pulling cables with pulling lubricant.

Hole Saws and Drill Bits:

21. Step Drill Bit: Creates holes in plastic and metal.
22. Large diameter holes in wood and plastic can be drilled with a hole saw.

Electricity – Tape:

23. Insulates and safeguards electrical connections: electrical tape.

Wire Connectors and Nuts:

24. Multiple wires are connected together by wire nuts.
25. Push-In Connectors: They join wires without twisting them.

Glowsticks and Fishing Rods:

Electrical contractors frequently have to fish wires through conduit, conduit, or walls. Glow sticks and fish rods are useful equipment for this job. Flexible rods known as fish rods can be screwed together to extend their length. They can be employed to fish cables behind walls or through conduits. In low light, glow sticks are helpful because they make it simpler to see where the fish rod is going.

Clamps and Cable Ties:

In order to stop wires from dangling or becoming tangled, surfaces can be fastened with cable ties and clamps. A zip tie tool or pliers can be used to tighten cable ties, which come in various sizes. Cables are frequently fastened to conduit or walls using clamps.

Benders and Tools for Conduit:

To bend the conduit at specified angles, conduit benders are employed. The conduit needs to be bent by electricians to fit around corners or other obstructions. Conduit benders may bend conduit up to a particular diameter and come in various sizes. To cut and thread conduit, electricians also require other tools.

Knockout Dies and Punches:

Metal boxes or enclosures can have holes drilled through them using knockout punches and dies. For the purpose of accommodating conduits or cables, electricians must drill holes in boxes. Knockout punches are available in a variety of sizes and can make holes that are up to a particular dimension.

Finders and Tracers for Circuit Breakers:

To find individual circuits in a breaker panel, employ circuit breaker finders and tracers. An outlet or light fixture circuit breaker needs to be identified by an electrician. A transmitter and receiver are used by circuit breaker finders to pinpoint the proper breaker.

Testers and Detectors of Voltage:

To find out whether there is voltage in an electrical circuit, utilize voltage detectors and testers. Before performing any repairs, electricians must ensure that the circuit is not active. Both AC and DC voltage can be detected by voltage detectors and testers.

Testers for Outlets and GFCIs:

Ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCIs) and outlets are tested using testers for both devices. Electrical contractors must guarantee that GFCIs are operating properly and that outlets are wired properly. Reversed polarity, open grounds, and open neutrals can all be found using outlet testers. A defective GFCI can be found with GFCI testers.

Clamp Meters and Multimeters:

Voltage, current, and resistance are measured in electrical circuits using multimeters and clamp meters. Both AC and DC voltage can be measured with a multimeter. Current may be measured with clamp meters without disrupting the circuit. When working with live circuits, they can be helpful.

Power Quality Analyzers and Oscilloscopes:

Electrical system issues are identified using oscilloscopes and power quality testers. Electrical engineers can use oscilloscopes to record waveforms and analyze issues with electrical signals. Voltage, current, power factor, and other variables can all be measured using power quality analyzers.

Lubricant for Pulling Cables and Wires:

When pulling cables through conduit or from behind walls, cable and wire-pulling lubricant can lessen friction. Lubricant can simplify the task and lower the chance of harming the conduit or wire.

Screwdrivers and Torque Wrenches:

Screws are tightened to a precise torque using torque wrenches and screwdrivers. Electrical connections may become damaged if screws are overtightened or under-tightened. Electricians can tighten screws to the proper torque with the aid of torque wrenches and screwdrivers.

Nut Drivers and Hex Keys:

Hex bolts and nuts are tightened with hex keys and nut drivers. In equipment and enclosures for electrical systems, hex bolts, and nuts are frequently utilized. There are many sizes of hex keys and nut drivers.

Hole Saws and Saw Blades:

To make holes in walls, utilize saw blades and hole saws and ceilings for conduit or electrical boxes. Hole saws and saw blades are available in a variety of diameters and can be used on plasterboard or wood, among other materials.

Cutters and Strippers for Wire:

To remove the insulation from wires and cut them to the proper length, use wire strippers and cutters. Prior to connecting the wires, electricians must remove the insulation from them. Different wire gauges can be stripped with wire strippers, which are available in a variety of sizes. For lengthening cables, wire cutters are employed.

Both Pliers and Wrenches:

When tightening nuts, bolts, and screws, pliers and wrenches are used. Pliers and wrenches come in a variety of shapes and sizes, and electricians need each for a specific job. In order to cut and bend wires, pliers can be employed. Tightening nuts and bolts is possible with wrenches.

Fishing Tape:

Wires can be fanned through conduits or behind walls using fish tape. They’re constructed from a long, flat, and stretchy cloth that can be twisted into a tiny coil. Wires can be fastened to the end of fish tape and pulled through openings in walls or via the conduit.

Tool Insulation:

Working on live circuits requires the use of insulated tools. Ensuring they are not at risk of electric shock is a must for electricians. Electricians can avoid electrical shock by using insulated tools, which feature an insulated grip and shaft.

Headlamps and Flashlights:

In low-light situations, headlamps and flashlights are employed to provide light. Electricians frequently perform their work in dimly light spaces like basements or attics. Headlamps and flashlights can give the illumination required to finish the task safely.

Conclusion:

To carry out their work safely and effectively, electricians employ a wide range of gear. Every instrument, from fish tape to saw blades, has a particular use and can facilitate the task. Electricians can operate more efficiently and securely by selecting the appropriate instrument for the job.

FAQs:

1. What equipment is crucial for an electrician?
Since each tool serves a distinct purpose, there is no one tool that is the most essential for an electrician.
2. What distinguishes a clamp meter from a multimeter?
While a clamp meter can measure current without disrupting the circuit, a multimeter can measure voltage, current, and resistance.
3. Why are insulated tools necessary for electricians?
When working on live circuits, electricians need insulated tools to prevent electrical shock.
4. What is the fish tape used for?
Wires can be retrieved from behind walls or via conduit using fish tape.
5. Can electricians perform electrical work with common tools?
Only tools made for electrical work should be used by electricians because normal tools might not be secure to use around live circuits.

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